Tahara and Salah

Tahara and Salah

Why Study Tahāra?

Allah states in the Qur’an {O you who believe! when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janāba [ritual impurity] then purify yourselves… [Q. 5:6]}:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَ‌افِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُ‌ءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْ‌جُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ۚ وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُ‌وا ۚ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْ‌ضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ‌ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ ۚ مَا يُرِ‌يدُ اللَّـهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَ‌جٍ وَلَـٰكِن يُرِ‌يدُ لِيُطَهِّرَ‌كُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُ‌ونَ

In order to make our devotional actions valid, we are ordered to be in a state of ritual purity (tahāra), i.e. what the Sharī‘ah considers to be so. This means therefore, we are obligated to know the rulings and their integrals pertaining to ritual purity. This forms the ‘Chapter of Purification’ (bāb al-tahāra) within the books of Fiqh.

Why Study Salāh?

Allah states: {And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allah standing, sitting, or [lying] on your sides. However, when you become secure, re-establish [regular] prayer. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times [Q. 4:103]}.

فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَاذْكُرُ‌وا اللَّـهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِكُمْ ۚ فَإِذَا اطْمَأْنَنتُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ ۚ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا

The Salāh (‘Prayer’) is one of the most differentiating acts of a believer and has been made obligatory by Allah with specified times and designated actions. It therefore becomes mandatory on all Muslims to learn the rulings and integrals pertain to the Prayer in order for it to be performed correctly and validly. This forms the ‘Chapter of Prayer’ (bāb al-salāh).

Overview:

Taught by: Ustadh Manzur Chowdhury

Description of Tahārah:

This course module is for introductory/intermediate learners and aims to provide students with knowledge of the Sharī’ah rulings and discussions pertaining to ‘Purification’ (tahārah) as mentioned in the legal manuals of the Hanafī School. Due to the vast scope of the topic, the course focus will be on selected legal rulings and principles and its descriptions. As and where required, there will be some brief discussions on the angles of deduction (istinbāt) from the textual sources (nusūs) as made by the Hanafī jurists with the primary text of the course being the section on Tahārah delineated in the legal primers entitled Nūr al-Īdāh and Marāqī al-Sa’ādāt both written by the 10th century Jurist and Judge from Upper Egypt, Imām Abū ’l-Ikhlās al-Shurunbulālī.

Beyond these specific aims, the course module seeks to:

  • Provide students with the opportunity for a engaging with classical legal material through guidance from the instructor.
  • Create a learning environment for students which enable them to pose questions and connect the course material to their relevant contexts in a meaningful way.
  • To offer students the confidence to progress to higher levels of learning and study in order to nurture independent and critical appreciations of legal material.

Description of lah:

This course module is for introductory/intermediate learners and aims to provide students with knowledge of the Sharī’ah rulings and integrals pertaining to ‘Prayer’ (sālah) as mentioned in the legal manuals of the Hanafī School. Due to the vast scope of the topic and it being a foundational are of Muslim worship, the course focus will be on selected areas and principles along with its descriptions. As and where required, there will be some brief discussions on the angles of deduction (istinbāt) from the textual sources (nusūs) as made by the Hanafī jurists with the primary text of the course being the section on Sālah delineated in the legal primers entitled Nūr al-Īdāh and Marāqī al-Sa’ādāt both written by the 10th century Jurist and Judge from Upper Egypt, Imām Abū ’l-Ikhlās al-Shurunbulālī.

Beyond these specific aims, the course module seeks to:

  • Provide students with the opportunity for a engaging with classical legal material through guidance from the instructor.
  • Create a learning environment for students which enable them to pose questions and connect the course material to their relevant contexts in a meaningful way.
  • To offer students the confidence to progress to higher levels of learning and study in order to nurture independent and critical appreciations of legal material.

Tahārah

Week 1: Introduction to the Importance of Fiqh (‘Islamic positive Law’).

Week 2: Introduction to Juristic Terminology related to the Chapter of Tahārah as well as preliminary readings from Nūr al-Īdāh and Marāqī al-Sa’ādāt.

Week 3: The General Rulings related to Tahārah.

Week 4: Applications of the Classical Legal discussions to Contemporary Realities.

Week 5: Enrichment with course instructor on course material and contents.

Week 6: Introduction to the Importance of Fiqh (‘Islamic positive Law’).

Salāh

Week 7: Introduction to Juristic Terminology related to the Chapter of Salāh as well as preliminary readings from Nūr al-Īdāh and Marāqī al-Sa’ādāt.

Week 8: The General Rulings related to Salāh.

Week 9: Applications of the Classical Legal discussions to Contemporary Realities.

Week 10: Enrichment with course instructor on course material and contents.

  • al-Marghinānī, al-Hidāyah: The Guidance, vol.1, trans. by I. A. K. Nyazee, Bristol: Amal Press, 2006, pp.5-78.
  • Nadwi, A. Al-Fiqh al-Islami: According to the Hanafi Madhhab, Purification, Prayers and Funerals, vol.1, Angelwing Media, 2007, §. ‘Purification’.
  • al-Qudūrī, al-Mukhtasar: A Manual of Islamic Law According to the Hanafī School, trans. T. M. Kiani, London: Ta-Ha Publications, 2010, pp.1-26.
  • al-Shurunbulālī, Marāqī al-Sa’ādāt: The Ascent to Felicity, trans. F. Khan, UK: Whitethread Press, 2010, pp.41-68.
  • ________ Nūr al-Īdāh (‘The Light of Clarification’), trans. W. Charkawi, USA: n.p., 2008, pp.19-92.
  • al-Marghinānī, al-Hidāyah: The Guidance, vol.1, trans. by I. A. K. Nyazee, Bristol: Amal Press, 2006, pp.79-244.
  • Nadwi, A. Al-Fiqh al-Islami: According to the Hanafi Madhhab, Purification, Prayers and Funerals, vol.1, Angelwing Media, 2007, §. ‘Prayer’.
  • al-Qudūrī, al-Mukhtasar: A Manual of Islamic Law According to the Hanafī School, trans. T. M. Kiani, London: Ta-Ha Publications, 2010, pp.27-82.
  • al-Shurunbulālī, Marāqī al-Sa’ādāt: The Ascent to Felicity, trans. F. Khan, UK: Whitethread Press, 2010, pp.69-126.
  • ______ Nūr al-Īdāh (‘The Light of Clarification’), trans. W. Charkawi, USA: n.p., 2008, pp.93-254.
Call for more information.